Describe the difference between the hutus and tutsis in rwanda

Difference Between Hutu and Tutsi

describe the difference between the hutus and tutsis in rwanda

But economic differences between the groups soon began to form. The Tutsis as “In Rwanda, the Tutsi and the Hutu are the same people.

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All rights reserved. The Tutsis were the victims of genocide, and the Hutus were the perpetrators. So you get off the plane and immediately start trying to figure out who is who. Am I talking to someone who lost his family, or someone who wiped one out? Hutus have broad noses someone told you that , except when they have narrow noses. The real giveaway, however, is that traditionally Tutsis are herders, and Hutus are farmers, except for the Tutsis who grow crops and the Hutus who keep cattle.

The antagonism between Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda and Burundi is not a tribal conflict. It is not, properly speaking, an ethnic conflict. By all the most common definitions, Hutus and Tutsis are the same people, which makes their violent history even more tragically incomprehensible to outsiders. Yet outsiders may be partly to blame. Differences between the communities were greatly emphasised by the European invaders of Rwanda and Burundi, first Germans then Belgians, as an instrument of colonial rule.

The origins of the Tutsi and Hutu people is a major issue in the histories of Rwanda and Burundi , as well as the Great Lakes region of Africa. The relationship between the two modern populations is thus, in many ways, derived from the perceived origins and claim to "Rwandan-ness". The largest conflicts related to this question were the Rwandan genocide , the Burundian genocide , and the First and Second Congo Wars. Ugandan scholar Mahmoud Mamdani identifies at least four distinct foundations for studies that support the "distinct difference between Hutu and Tutsi" school of thought: phenotype , genotype , cultural memory of inhabitants of Rwanda, archeology , and linguistics. Most Tutsis and Hutus carry the E1b1a paternal haplogroup, which is common among Bantu populations. More recent studies have de-emphasized physical appearance, such as height and nose width, in favor of examining blood factors, the presence of the sickle cell trait , lactose intolerance in adults, and other genotype expressions. Excoffier et al.

The bloody history of Hutu and Tutsi conflict stained the 20th century, from the slaughter of 80, to , Hutus by the Tutsi army in Burundi in , to the Rwanda genocide. In just days during which Hutu militias targeted Tutsis, between , and 1 million people were killed. But many observers would be surprised to learn that the longstanding conflict between the Hutu and Tutsi has nothing to do with language or religion — they speak the same Bantu tongues as well as French, and generally practice Christianity — and many geneticists have been hard-pressed to find marked ethnic differences between the two, though the Tutsi have generally been noted to be taller. Many believe that German and Belgian colonizers tried to find differences between the Hutu and Tutsi in order to better categorize native peoples in their censuses. Generally, the Hutu-Tutsi strife stems from class warfare, with the Tutsis perceived to have greater wealth and social status as well as favoring cattle ranching over what is seen as the lower-class farming of the Hutus. These class differences started during the 19th century, were exacerbated by colonization, and exploded at the end of the 20th century.



Why Is There Conflict Between Tutsis and Hutus?

Generally speaking, Hutus were an agricultural people who lived in large family groups. The Tutsis, also known as Watutsis, were a nomadic people who began arriving in the Great Lakes region from Ethiopia some four hundred years ago., It was not until Belgian colonization that the tensions between the Hutus and Tutsis became focused on race, the Belgians propagating the myth that Tutsis were the superior ethnicity. The resulting tensions would eventually foster the slaughtering of Tutsis in the Rwandan genocide.

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5 thoughts on “Describe the difference between the hutus and tutsis in rwanda

  1. The antagonism between Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda and Burundi is not a tribal conflict. It is not, properly speaking, an ethnic conflict.

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