- Current options in umbilical hernia repair in adult patients
- Umbilical Hernia
- Umbilical hernia repair in adults
- Umbilical hernia: What you need to know
Current options in umbilical hernia repair in adult patients
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The umbilical cord connects a mother and her fetus while in the womb. In most cases, the hole closes soon after birth. About 20 percent of babies are born with an umbilical hernia. About 90 percent of umbilical hernias will eventually close on their own, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine. An umbilical hernia occurs when the opening in the abdominal muscle that allows the umbilical cord to pass through fails to close completely. Umbilical hernias are most common in babies, but they can also occur in adults. African-American babies, premature babies , and babies born at a low birth weight are at an even higher risk of developing an umbilical hernia.
An umbilical hernia creates a soft swelling or bulge near the navel. It occurs when part of the intestine protrudes through the umbilical opening in the abdominal muscles. Umbilical hernias in children are usually painless. An umbilical hernia occurs when part of your intestine sticks out through the opening in your abdominal muscles through which your umbilical cord passed before you were born. Umbilical hernias are common and typically harmless. They are most common in infants, but they can affect adults as well. In an infant, an umbilical hernia may be especially evident when the infant cries, causing the bellybutton to protrude.
There is a separate factsheet available for parents of children having surgery to repair an umbilical hernia - Umbilical hernia in children. Your care will be adapted to meet your individual needs and may differ from what is described here. So it's important that you follow your surgeon's advice. An umbilical hernia is a result of weakness in the muscles in or around your belly button. It causes the belly button to pop outwards and can happen at any age.
Umbilical hernia repair in adults
Umbilical hernia is a rather common surgical problem. Elective repair after diagnosis is advised. Suture repairs have high recurrence rates; therefore, mesh reinforcement is recommended. Mesh can be placed through either an open or laparoscopic approach with good clinical results. Standard polypropylene mesh is suitable for the open onlay technique; however, composite meshes are required for laparoscopic repairs. Large seromas and surgical site infection are rather common complications that may result in recurrence.
Umbilical hernia: What you need to know
Back to Health A to Z. A hernia occurs when an internal part of the body pushes through a weakness in the muscle or surrounding tissue wall. Your muscles are usually strong and tight enough to keep your organs and intestines in place, but a hernia can develop if there are any weak spots. It may get bigger when laughing, coughing, crying or going to the toilet and may shrink when relaxing or lying down. In many cases, the umbilical hernia goes back in and the muscles reseal before the child's first birthday. Umbilical hernias can also develop in adults.