Viking raids were a characteristic of the medieval pirates called the Vikings, led to political conquest, settlement on a substantial scale across northern Europe, visited Scandinavia, and their sons then wanted to go out and do likewise. An Essential Guide to the 5 Countries of the Scandinavian Region.and your full your
The Vikings got around! They loved to settle new areas. Their homeland was in Scandinavia, or modern day Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. It was difficult for farmers to grow crops in this area. The winters were fierce.
From around A. Over the next three centuries, they would leave their mark as pirates, raiders, traders and settlers on much of Britain and the European continent, as well as parts of modern-day Russia, Iceland, Greenland and Newfoundland. The exact reasons for Vikings venturing out from their homeland are uncertain; some have suggested it was due to overpopulation of their homeland, but the earliest Vikings were looking for riches, not land. In the eighth century A. Scandinavian furs were highly prized in the new trading markets; from their trade with the Europeans, Scandinavians learned about new sailing technology as well as about the growing wealth and accompanying inner conflicts between European kingdoms.
Raiding as a lifestyle was first established in Scandinavia by the 6th century, as illustrated in the epic English tale of Beowulf ; contemporary sources referred to the raiders as "ferox gens" the fierce people. The predominant theory for the reasons for the raiding is that there was a population boom, and trading networks into Europe became established, the Vikings became aware of the wealth of their neighbors, both in silver and in land. Recent scholars are not so certain. But there is no doubt that Viking raiding ultimately led to political conquest, settlement on a substantial scale across northern Europe, and extensive Scandinavian cultural and linguistic influences in eastern and northern England. After the raiding all but ended, the period was followed by revolutionary changes in land ownership, society, and economy, including the growth of towns and industry. The earliest Viking raids outside of Scandinavia were small in scope, isolated attacks on coastal targets.
Viking travellers and colonists were seen at many points in history as brutal raiders.
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Viking expansion is the process by which Norse explorers, traders and warriors, the latter known in modern scholarship as Vikings , sailed most of the North Atlantic , reaching south to North Africa and east to Russia, Constantinople and the Middle East as looters, traders, colonists and mercenaries. It is debated whether the term Viking represented all Norse settlers or just those who raided. There is much debate among historians about what drove the Viking expansion. One widely held idea is that it was a quest for retaliation against continental Europeans for their previous invasions of Viking homelands, such as Charlemagne 's campaign to force Scandinavian pagans to convert to Christianity by killing any who refused to become baptized. According to the historian Peter Sawyer , these were raided because they were centers of wealth and their farms well-stocked, not because of any religious reasons. Another idea is that the Viking population had exceeded the agricultural potential of their homeland.
Viking Raids - Why Did the Norse Leave Scandinavia to Roam the World?
Viking Invasion of England - 3 Minute History
View my complete profile. Early Vikings did not progress far from their districts along the coasts of Norway, Denmark and Sweden Scandinavia. Nor did they raid villages further than nearby England, Scotland and Ireland. They also established settlements in Greenland, Newfoundland and parts of North America for a short period in the 11th century. Vikings did diverse things when travelling to different regions and went for various reasons. Vikings are well known for their fierce, hit and run raids, especially on Christian monasteries.
The Vikings travelled thousands of miles across the sea from their homeland of Scandinavia where they were farmers, fishermen, seafarers and traders.
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