Lithium melting and boiling point

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Lithium Facts: Li or Element 3

lithium melting and boiling point

Physical Properties of Alkai Metals

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What's in a name? From the Greek word for stone, lithos. Today, larger amounts of the metal are obtained through the electrolysis of lithium chloride LiCl. Lithium is not found free in nature and makes up only 0. Many uses have been found for lithium and its compounds. Lithium has the highest specific heat of any solid element and is used in heat transfer applications. It is used to make special glasses and ceramics, including the Mount Palomar telescope's inch mirror.

Allotropes Some elements exist in several different structural forms, called allotropes. Each allotrope has different physical properties. For more information on the Visual Elements image see the Uses and properties section below. Group A vertical column in the periodic table. Members of a group typically have similar properties and electron configurations in their outer shell.

The Element Lithium. What is Lithium as on the Periodic Table? Definition of the Lithium Element A soft, silvery, highly reactive metallic element that is used as a heat transfer medium, in thermo-nuclear weapons, and in various alloys, ceramics, and optical forms of glass. What is Lithium? This element is a solid. An Element classified as an Alkali Metal is a very reactive metal that does not occur freely in nature.

It is a soft, silvery-white alkali metal. Under standard conditions , it is the lightest metal and the lightest solid element. Like all alkali metals, lithium is highly reactive and flammable, and must be stored in mineral oil. When cut, it exhibits a metallic luster , but moist air corrodes it quickly to a dull silvery gray, then black tarnish. It never occurs freely in nature, but only in usually ionic compounds , such as pegmatitic minerals, which were once the main source of lithium. Due to its solubility as an ion, it is present in ocean water and is commonly obtained from brines.

This page discusses the trends in some atomic and physical properties of the Group 1 elements - lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium and cesium. Sections below cover the trends in atomic radius, first ionization energy, electronegativity, melting and boiling points, and density. The positive charge on the nucleus is canceled out by the negative charges of the inner electrons. This effect is illustrated in the figure below:. This is true for each of the other atoms in Group 1.



Lithium Melting Point Boiling Point

Lithium is the first metal you encounter on the periodic table. Here are important facts about this element.

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Basic Information. Name: Lithium Symbol: Li Atomic Number: 3. Atomic Mass: amu. Melting Point: C ( K, F) Boiling Point: .
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