- ISIS Fast Facts
- Timeline: the Rise, Spread, and Fall of the Islamic State
- Isis: how a global terror network was born
- The rise and fall of the Isis 'caliphate'
ISIS Fast Facts
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Sun 24 Mar On a midwinter night in early January, the most wanted man in the world entered a home in a forsaken town near the Syrian border for a rare meeting with his surviving aides. The caliphate he had proclaimed four and a half years earlier had been whittled down to less than 50 square kilometres and was shrinking by the day. Gunfire crackled in the middle distance and bombs thudded nearby, just as they had for months as the last towns and villages held by Islamic State fell steadily to the advancing Kurds. Several villages away, Kurdish forces were taking positions among the fresh rubble of still raging battles, readying for a final assault on the last holdout, a place that until very recently few could find on a map. The most diehard Isis members were preparing for what increasingly looked like being their last stand, a long and ignominious way from where it all began when its fighters swept into towns and cities across Iraq and Syria , capturing all before them and rendering the border between the two countries little more than a line in the dirt. Baghuz, barely a speck on a bank of the Euphrates, was about to be etched into infamy.
It faded into obscurity for several years after the surge of U. But it began to reemerge in Over the next few years, it took advantage of growing instability in Iraq and Syria to carry out attacks and bolster its ranks. In , ISIS expanded into a network of affiliates in at least eight other countries. Its branches, supporters, and affiliates increasingly carried out attacks beyond the borders of its so-called caliphate. On November 13, people were killed and more than injured in a series of coordinated attacks in Paris.
Chat with us in Facebook Messenger. Find out what's happening in the world as it unfolds. More Videos Growing fear that ISIS will destroy ancient ruins. Women recount horror of life under ISIS. ISIS survivor tells her story. Iraq forces and ISIS exchange gunfire.
It was inspired by al Qaida but later publicly expelled from it. RAND terrorism experts have analyzed the group's financing, management, and organization; its savvy use of social media for recruitment and fundraising; and the instability that spawned the group as a regional problem in the Middle East. After major combat operations against ISIS in Mosul, recovery and stability will require redoubled efforts by Iraqis and the international community. How well humanitarian, security, and other needs are addressed will affect the immediate stabilization of Iraq, including whether civilians can return home. Continued economic stagnation and a high youth unemployment rate, exacerbated by the Muslim youth bulge, could lead to failed expectations and spur radicalization among disenchanted Gen Z Muslims. And this cohort's familiarity with the internet could foreshadow an adaptive, tech-savvy terrorist threat.
Timeline: the Rise, Spread, and Fall of the Islamic State
Islamic State has claimed responsibility for the attacks in Sri Lanka that left at least people dead and more than wounded., The group has been designated a terrorist organisation by the United Nations as well as many international organizations and individual countries.
Isis: how a global terror network was born
M ost historians of the Islamic State agree that the group emerged out of al-Qaeda in Iraq as a response to the U. They also agree that it was shaped primarily by a Jordanian jihadist and the eventual head of al-Qaeda in Iraq, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. The Jordanian had a dark vision: He wished to fuel a civil war between Sunnis and Shiites and establish a caliphate. Although he was killed in , his vision was realized in —the year ISIS overran northern Iraq and eastern Syria. Narratives about the origins of Islamic State ideology often focus on the fact that Zarqawi and Osama bin Laden, both Sunni extremists, diverged on the idea of fighting Shiites and on questions of takfir , or excommunication. Based on this set of assumptions, many conclude that Zarqawi must have provided the intellectual framework for ISIS.
When the Islamic State raised its black flag over the Syrian city of Raqqa in early , it began its transformation from fringe regional player to fearsome global threat. By the end of that year, it had seized large stretches of territory in Iraq and Syria, creating a rogue state the size of Britain. Now, the last of that territory — a sliver of land along the Euphrates River in southeastern Syria — has been retaken. Thousands of fighters remain in the region, but they have gone underground, carrying out quick strikes in the region and continuing to promote their ideology worldwide. The Iraqi affiliate started an insurgency that pushed Iraq to the brink of civil war in and , before it suffered defeat at the hands of American troops and local militias. By , remnants of the Qaeda affiliate had rebranded themselves the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, or ISIS, and had identified opportunities in Syria, which was in the third year of its civil war. The Islamic State pushed out moderate rebels, easily seizing strategic territory.
The rise and fall of the Isis 'caliphate'
The groundwork for ISIS was arguably laid long before the invasion, and if He offered 10 extra marks to any student who did not attend, but that wasn't enough of a statement. Anbari and like-minded jihadists began to see rival Islamists, . The two formed independent relationships with key members of.
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