Feudal system in the middle ages

The Feudal System in Medieval Europe

feudal system in the middle ages

What was Feudalism? - 4 Minute History

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Timeline The Middle Ages or medieval time is believed to have started with the fall of the Roman Empire in and to have lasted about 1, years until about The beginning of the Middle Ages is called the Dark Ages because the great civilizations of Rome and Greece had been conquered. The end of the Middle Ages in about led to the beginning of the Renaissance. The principal features of the Renaissance were that learning became important, the lords and the church were both becoming powerful forces for change, the art world was flourishing with innovations like the development of perspective in painting and there was great advancement in science. The barbarians were prevalent in most of the European nations of the Middle Ages.

Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries. Broadly defined, it was a way of structuring society around relationships derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labour. Although derived from the Latin word feodum or feudum fief , [1] then in use, the term feudalism and the system it describes were not conceived of as a formal political system by the people living in the Middle Ages. A broader definition of feudalism, as described by Marc Bloch , includes not only the obligations of the warrior nobility but also those of all three estates of the realm : the nobility, the clergy , and the peasantry bound by manorialism ; this is sometimes referred to as a "feudal society". Since the publication of Elizabeth A. Brown 's "The Tyranny of a Construct" and Susan Reynolds 's Fiefs and Vassals , there has been ongoing inconclusive discussion among medieval historians as to whether feudalism is a useful construct for understanding medieval society.

William the conqueror introduced the Feudal system to England in after winning the battle of Hastings and being crowned King of England. It was a system that had served him well in Northern France and helped him to consolidated power and gain immense wealth. The Feudal system bought the loyalty of Barons in return for land; it was a promise of land in return for the services they could provide to the king such as armies, military personnel and weaponry. King William promised French Barons who helped him defeat the English in the Battle of Hastings large holdings of land in England and this was organized through the development of an English Feudal system. Definition of Feudalism Source Google.

The system had been used in France by the Normans from the time they first settled there in about AD. It was a simple, but effective system, where all land was owned by the King. One quarter was kept by the King as his personal property, some was given to the church and the rest was leased out under strict controls. The King was in complete control under the Feudal System. He owned all the land in the country and decided who he would lease land to.

Under the feudal system all land in a kingdom belonged to the king. He parcelled out large chunks to great Lords "Tennants-in-Chief" in exchange for their military and political support. They parcelled out smaller parcels to lesser lords "Mesne Tenants" on similar terms. They in turn parcelled out smaller parcels to local lords, who did the same to the peasantry. Thus was formed a hierarchical network below the king of earls, barons, lords of the manor and villains, all bound together by pairs of reciprocal obligations.

Feudal system during the Middle Ages

What Was Feudal System - middle ages feudal system story for kids

The feudal system was introduced to England following the invasion and conquest of the country by William I, The Conqueror. The feudal system had been used in France by the Normans from the time they first settled there in about AD.
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