- Northern Ireland's violent history explained
- What Are The Differences Between Northern Ireland And The Republic Of Ireland?
Northern Ireland's violent history explained
Guide to Irish Accentswhat
Established by the Northern Ireland Act as part of the Good Friday Agreement , the Northern Ireland Assembly holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters, while other areas are reserved for the British government. Northern Ireland co-operates with the Republic of Ireland in several areas, and the Agreement granted the Republic the ability to "put forward views and proposals" with "determined efforts to resolve disagreements between the two governments". Unlike Southern Ireland , which would become the Irish Free State in , the majority of Northern Ireland's population were unionists , who wanted to remain within the United Kingdom. However, a significant minority, mostly Catholics , were nationalists who wanted a united Ireland independent of British rule. For most of the 20th century, when it came into existence, Northern Ireland was marked by discrimination and hostility between these two sides in what First Minister of Northern Ireland , David Trimble , called a "cold house" for Catholics. In the late s, conflict between state forces and chiefly Protestant unionists on the one hand, and chiefly Catholic nationalists on the other, erupted into three decades of violence known as the Troubles , which claimed over 3, lives and caused over 50, casualties. Northern Ireland has historically been the most industrialised region of Ireland.
Ireland vs Northern Ireland.
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After most of Ireland got its freedom from Britain, the northern part remained in union with England, Scotland and Wales. In the following text we will look at some frequently asked questions FAQ in connection with the situation in Northern Ireland. Ireland — or the Republic of Ireland as it is officially named — is now a completely separate country and has no longer any formal bond to the UK. Therefore, Northern Ireland is now isolated from Ireland. Why is there so much talk of Catholics and Protestants in the conflict in Northern Ireland? The Republic of Ireland is historically a Catholic country and a large majority of the Irish are Catholics. Many people in Northern Ireland are descendants of the original population of this region and are also Catholics.
Ireland is an island situated in the British Isles. The island is politically divided into two distinct regions; Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. The political dichotomy of the island was done in the early 20th century in what was known as the partitioning of Ireland. Despite Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland sharing much of their history, the two countries are quite different. As an example, speed limits in the Republic of Ireland are indicated in kilometers per hour while those in Northern Ireland are indicated in miles per hour. The differences between the two parts of Ireland go beyond speed limits, with Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland differing in culture, economy, geography, and governance.
There have been protests over the decision to restrict the flying of the union flag at Belfast City Hall. Ninety years ago Ireland was split in two after people living there went to war against their British rulers. But the break-up led to decades of unrest and violence in Northern Ireland, which remained part of the UK. British troops were deployed to Northern Ireland, at first to protect Catholics, but soon became involved in bursts of fierce fighting with paramilitary groups. Thousands of people on both sides were killed by bombs and bullets, while republican groups also launched attacks on England. The Good Friday Agreement was signed in and was seen as a major step towards peace in Northern Ireland. It led to the Northern Ireland Assembly being set up.
What Are The Differences Between Northern Ireland And The Republic Of Ireland?